What is a bunion?
Sometimes bony bump develops at the outer edge of your big toe. It is formed when big toe is continuously pushed against your second toe, forcing the joint of your big toe to bulge out and become bigger. Wearing very tight shoes or a very narrow shoes result in worsening of the condition.
Although the exact cause of formation of bunions is not known, it is believed to be caused due to using ill-fitted footwear, foot injuries, hereditary or rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the complications?
Bunions may not always cause any pain and are remain permanently unless corrected through surgery.
Complications caused may be
1) Bursitis – The small fluid-filled pads (bursae) that cushion bones, tendons and muscles near your joints become inflamed resulting in unbearable pain.
2) Hammertoe – An unnatural bend occurs in the middle joint of a toe, usually the second toe
3) Metatarsalgia – Pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot).
How to prevent? – Choose your footwear correctly!